History of Ireland
Chronological Order of Ireland's
3000BC The Megalithic tombs are constructed,(Newgrange).
700BC The Celts arrive from parts of Gaul and Britain.
350AD Christianity reaches Ireland.
432 St. Patrick arrives in Ireland and confronts King Laoghaire who allows
him to spread the word of Christianity in Ireland.
700-800 Monastic culture is at its
795 Invasion by the Vikings.
1014 Brian Boru defeats the Vikings at Clontarf.
1169 Dermot MacMurrough, the exiled king of Leinster,
seeks help from 'Strongbow'.
1172 King Henry II of England is
declared Feudal Lord of Ireland by the Pope.
1366 Statues of Kilkenny belatedly
of English and Irish. Gaelic culture unsuccessfully
1534-40 Insurrection by Lord Offaly fails.
1541 Henry VIII proclaimed King of Ireland.
1558-03 Plantation of Ireland commences under the reign of
1595-03 Failed uprising of Hugh O'Neil.
1607 Flight of the Earls and leading Ulster families go into
1641 King Charles I's
policies cause insurrection in Ulster and Civil War in England.
1649 Cromwell invades
1653 Cromwell's opponents stripped of land under the Act
1689-90 Deposed James II flees to Ireland and
is defeated at the Battle of the Boyne.
1704 The Penal Laws
enacted: Catholics are barred from voting, education and the military.
1775 American War of
Independence instigates Irish unrest.
1782 Grattan's Parliament persuades English to declare Irish
independence, butin name only.
1795 The Organge Order is
1798 Uprising by Wolfe Tone and the United Irishmen is crushed.
1801 Ireland becomes part of Britain under the Act of Union.
1829 Catholic Emancipation Act passed after Daniel O'Connell elected
1845-49 The Great Famine claims over 1
million lives through starvation and disease. Emigration over the next 10 years results in departure of
a further 1 million people.
1879-82 The Land War is instigated by Parnell who
encourages the boycott of repressive landlords. The 3 'F's are gained for the peasantry: Fixity of
Tenure, Fair Rent, Freedom to sell their holding.
1914 The Implementation of
Home Rule is postponed because
of the outbreak of World War I.
1916 The Easter
Rising is led by Pearse, Connolly and others. The 7 leaders are executed which shifts public opinion in
favour of the rebels.
1920-21 Michael Collins masterminds the War
between Britain and Ireland. The Irish Free State is created (excluding the 6 Northern Counties).
1922-23 Civil war breaks out between the Free
State Army and the Irregulars (the IRA).
1926 Fianna Fail
party formed and led by DeVelera.
1932 De Valera elected Taoiseach of Ireland.
1939-45 Ireland remains neutral during WW2 despite the offer of a United Ireland having
been made to DeVelera if Ireland enters the war on behalf of the Allies.
1948 Ireland declared
a Republic by Costello. Northern Ireland is declared a separate entity.
1969 Rioting between
Catholics and Protestants. Civil Rights marches. British troops called in to keep order.
1971 Provisional IRA begins
campaign to oust British troops from Ireland.
1972 Republic of Ireland joins
the European Community.
1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement signed.
1994 Peace Declaration and IRA ceasefire.
1998 "Good Friday" agreement reached promising the creation of a Northern
(C)-Copyright The Information about Ireland Site, 2000
The Leader in Free Resources from Ireland
Free Irish coats of arms, screensavers, maps and more
Back To The Top Of The History of Ireland Page